Non-terrestrial networks include satellite networks and High Altitude Platforms (HAPs) that provide communication services beyond traditional terrestrial networks like cellular and Wi-Fi.
Non-terrestrial networks offer expanded coverage, enhanced reliability, and cost-effectiveness, making them ideal for tracking assets in remote or hard-to-reach locations.
Some challenges include latency and data rate limitations, infrastructure and deployment costs, and security and privacy concerns.
In maritime shipping, non-terrestrial networks enable real-time monitoring of cargo ships and containers, while in disaster management, they provide resilient communication for coordinating rescue and relief efforts.
Emerging technologies like low-cost nanosatellites and advanced HAP systems, as well as regulatory changes addressing spectrum allocation, airspace management, and security concerns, will shape the future of non-terrestrial IoT asset tracking.